Do you frequently run to the bathroom and pee, it stings when urinating, or maybe you have a nasty murmur in your lower back? This may be a sign of a urinary tract infection (also called cystitis or cystitis). Read more about urinary tract infections and when you should contact a doctor.
Urinary tract infections are almost always caused by bacteria that infect the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections in the upper part of the urinary tract (renal pelvis and kidney tissue) are more severe than infections that settle in the lower part of the urinary tract (bladder and urethra).
What is the cause of urinary tract infection?
A urinary tract infection is caused by bacteria migrating via the urethra into the bladder and possibly to the renal pelvis and attaching to the mucous membranes. The mucous membrane then becomes red and irritated. In three out of four cases, the urinary tract infection is caused by E. coli bacteria found in the rectum.
Conditions that increase the chance of getting a urinary tract infection include:
- Intercourse, widespread intercourse in periods after having a urinary tract infection. If men have a
- Infrequent urination. It is suspected that this gives bacteria more time to attach to the urinary tract’s mucous membranes.
- Thin and dry mucous membranes in the vagina. This is particularly true for women who are 65 years or older who suffer from estrogen deficiency).
- Suppose you freeze on your legs or get cold in the ass. It is not known precisely why this increases the risk of developing a urinary tract infection.
- Use of urinary catheters.
Typical symptoms of urinary tract infection
Frequent and strong urge to urinate, often with pain/burning, is the most common urinary tract infection symptoms. Some people may also experience pain in the lower abdomen, in the back, or experience blood in the urine. In-ear urinary tract infections are more serious, and one can experience pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting.
Children and the elderly can have a urinary tract infection without symptoms. Others may have a fever and general symptoms.
How to find out if you have a urinary tract infection
To find out if you have a urinary tract infection, there is a test that you can buy at the pharmacy, or you can deliver a urine sample at the doctor’s office. Use a sterile urine sample tube (urine bags for children), and take the urine sample at the first toilet visit in the morning. The reason for this is that the urine is then most concentrated. It is essential that you let it drain a little first, as the first urine that comes may be contaminated with bacteria from the urethra. Men should pull the foreskin well back, and women should separate the labia with their fingers to avoid contamination.
When should you contact a doctor?
- If you or your children get symptoms that you think are due to a urinary tract infection.
- If you are pregnant and suspect that you have a urinary tract infection.
- If, in addition to symptoms, you experience side pain, fever, nausea, and decreased general condition. This may mean that you have a pelvic inflammatory disease that needs to be treated immediately.
- If you have been taking antibiotics for a few days and your symptoms have not improved or worsened. You should not end treatment without consulting a doctor.
- If you need fast, easy, and safe medical care, you can contact a doctor online. These are independent medical services that are not provided by local medical.
How to prevent urinary tract infection
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Empty the bladder regularly and thoroughly.
- Empty the bladder within 15 minutes after intercourse.
- Dietary supplements with cranberries can be tried if you are bothered by recurrent urinary tract infections. Know that recent research suggests that this does not affect.
- Use estrogen preparations (victorias or vaginal cream) if you are menopausal and suffer from vaginal dryness.
How often does a urinary tract infection occur?
Urinary tract infections occur frequently and are the most common bacterial infection in women. Women are generally more vulnerable than men; in the age group 20-60, only 1 in 100 uncomplicated urinary tract infections occur in men. This is because the woman’s urethra is shorter than the man’s and that there is a shorter distance between the rectal opening and the urethral opening in women. Bacteria from the gut will, therefore, more easily infect the urinary tract in women. In men, urinary tract infections often occur due to underlying anatomical conditions in the urinary tract.
Sometimes, conditions make it more challenging to treat the infection, for example, if you have kidney stones or have congenital malformations in the urinary tract. This type of disease is called complicated urinary tract infection and occurs in 1% of the population.
How are urinary tract infections treated?
It is not always necessary to treat a urinary tract infection. It has become more common for the doctor to write a wait-and-see prescription for antibiotics, with the message to wait and see if you get better or not before starting a cure.
Uncomplicated, lower urinary tract infections in women will, in many cases, go away on their own, and if the woman so wishes, the ailments can be addressed without antibiotic treatment. A cure usually lasts for three days.
Pregnant women who have bacteria in their urine should always be treated with antibiotics, even if they have no ailments. This is done to avoid serious complications, and the cure often lasts for one week.
It is commonly recommended with antibiotics for complicated urinary tract infections, recurrent urinary tract infections, and urinary tract infections in men. Men are generally treated for seven days use Fildena 120 and vigora 100 to cure erection in men.
In most cases, the cure will work quickly. If you do not affect it after a few days, you should contact your doctor to evaluate the treatment. You may need to switch to another type of antibiotic. The doctor can also change the medicine after the answer to the culture test is clear. It is common to examine the urine one week after the treatment to check that it has been affected.